Fig Planting & Growing Guide

With generous, extended yields of the most delicious mahogany-colored fruit, there's plenty to love about Chicago Hardy Fig Trees! Amazingly, these prolific plants are hardy to zone 5 when given winter protection and self-pollinating, which means they can be grown independently without other varieties present.

Chicago Hardy Figs may die back in colder climates, but you can rest assured that they'll resume growth the following spring. These terrific trees are heat and drought-tolerant once established, very easy to grow in containers, and even easier to love. Plus, they typically begin bearing fruit within two years, making them an excellent return on investment! Learn how to plant, grow, and care for Chicago Hardy Figs with our comprehensive guide.

  • Planting Depth
  • Planting Proximity
    6 - 15 ft Apart; See specific product information
  • Planting Season
    Spring to Summer
  • Plant Benefits
    Plentiful fruit!
  • Water Quantity
  • Bloom Season
    N/A; Grown for foliage/fruit
  • Sunlight Quantity
    Full to Partial Sun
  • Hardiness Zones
    Chicago Hardy Fig:
    Zones 5-11;
    Fig 'Negronne':
    Zones 7-10

Where to Plant

Fig Trees thrive in full sun to partial shade and produce the sweetest fruit when given more direct sunlight. However, if you're gardening in a region where scorching summers are typical, then a bit of afternoon shade will help protect the fruits' skin from burning. These trees thrive in both garden beds and containers and are remarkably tolerant of a wide variety of soils as long as there is good drainage.

When to Plant

Fig Trees should be planted when they are dormant, with spring generally being the best time. However, in warmer regions where hard freezes are uncommon, they may be planted in late fall or early winter. Fruit will develop on old wood in early summer and on new growth branches in early fall, giving you a super long time to enjoy your fig harvest.

How to Plant

  • For outdoor landscape planting, find a location where your Fig will receive full sun to partial shade, keeping in mind that they develop sweeter fruit in brighter light and allowing enough space for the mature size of the tree.
  • For container planting, select a 10 gallon or larger container with multiple drainage holes and fill it with good quality, well-drained potting mix.
  • Plant your Fig Tree in the garden bed or container at the same soil depth as it was growing in its container in a hole twice the width of the container.
  • Water thoroughly after planting to settle the soil around the roots without letting your plant sit in a puddle.

How to Grow

  • Water deeply every couple of weeks to encourage root growth, but never let your tree sit in standing water.
  • Add a light mulch to the surrounding soil about 1" away from the trunk to help maintain an even moisture level throughout the first year. Doing so will also keep competing weeds at bay.
  • Apply a fruit tree fertilizer lightly in the spring and summer.
  • Lighten up on water as the growth begins to slow down during the late autumn, and for trees growing outside in zones 5–7, provide a thick organic mulch.
  • Pinch back and discard the first baby figs to develop in the first season for optimal fruiting. Doing so will result in heavier fruiting for years to come, with up to 100 pints of figs from a single tree!

Chicago Hardy Fig Tips & Tricks

  • Avoid leaving your Fig Tree outdoors over the winter in zones 6B and below. In colder climates, bring the potted tree indoors before the first hard frost.
  • Be mindful not to overwater or overfeed your Fig Tree as the quantity and quality of the fruit will suffer from excess water or fertilizer.
  • Expect the top growth to die back in severe winters, with new growth emerging in the spring. Figs bear on both old and new wood.
  • Harvest when the fruit's skin turns dark purple and the stem sags slightly.